Las brechas en la capacidad de investigación dificultan la comprensión del impacto del cambio climático en los servicios ecosistémicos en la costa del Pacífico latinoamericano

Research capability and ecosystem services in Latin America

  • Luis Eduardo Calderon Aguilera Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior, Laboratorio de Esclerocronología, Ecología y Pesquerías de la Zona Costera
Palabras clave: Brecha de conocimiento, calentamiento global, desastres naturales, pobreza, seguridad alimentaria

Resumen

Antecedentes. Las comunidades costeras son altamente dependientes de los servicios ecosistémicos; sin embargo, los beneficios y el modo de vida de sus habitantes son afectados directa e indirectamente por el cambio climático. Por tanto, es necesario entender cómo el cambio climático se traduce en impactos medibles sobre la sociedad y los ecosistemas para implementar planes de manejo y de mitigación, pero no se cuenta con la capacidad de investigación local y regional para ello. Objetivos. Investigar la capacidad de investigación de los países latinoamericanos de la costa del Pacífico, desde México hasta Chile, una región de 23,191 km de largo, que comprende 11 países con diferente grado de desarrollo socio-económico y que serán especialmente vulnerables al cambio climático. Métodos. Específicamente, nos enfocamos en explorar como los efectos del cambio climático en los servicios ecosistémicos (provisión, regulación y cultural) se relacionan con la capacidad de investigación y el producto interno bruto de los países en la costa del Pacífico de Latinoamérica. Resultados. Encontramos que desde 1980 el número de estudios científicos publicados relacionados con el tema se correlaciona con el PIB (r = 0.90, p< 0.05) y el esfuerzo de investigación es un orden de magnitud menor en la costa de Latinoamérica (13.8 estudios por 1,000 km) que en la vecina costa de California (103 estudios por 1,000 km). Conclusiones. Nuestros resultados resaltan la necesidad de promover la investigación en la zona costera latinoamericana y de realizar más trabajos en aspectos clave de la relación entre cambio climático y servicios ecosistémicos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Luis Eduardo Calderon Aguilera, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior, Laboratorio de Esclerocronología, Ecología y Pesquerías de la Zona Costera
INVESTIGADOR TITULAR DE TIEMPO COMPLETO "C"

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Publicado
23-09-2022
Cómo citar
Calderon Aguilera, L. E. (2022). Las brechas en la capacidad de investigación dificultan la comprensión del impacto del cambio climático en los servicios ecosistémicos en la costa del Pacífico latinoamericano: Research capability and ecosystem services in Latin America. HIDROBIOLÓGICA, 32(2). https://doi.org/10.24275/uam/izt/dcbs/hidro/2022v32n2/Calderon
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