Intraspecific karyotypic variation in the silverside fish Chirostoma humboldtianum (Atheriniformes: Atherinopsidae)

Irma Urbina-Sánchez, Carmen Guadalupe Paniagua-Chávez, Reyna Fierro, Gerardo Figueroa-Lucero, Irene de los Angeles Barriga-Sosa


Within its genus, Chirostoma humboldtianum is one of the species with the widest distribution, inhabiting lake and pond environments along the Lerma-Santiago basin in the Mexican Plateau. Although the species is of great ichthyological, economic, and cultural relevance, factors related to human activity such as habitat loss, pollution, overfishing, and introduction of non-native fish have played important roles in the decline and disappearance of populations. With the aim of describing the karyotype of the species, 22 specimens of C. humboldtianum were collected and their chromosomes obtained from gills based on Denton (1973). Here we reveal intraspecific chromosome variation, characterized by five cytotypes found in four studied populations: 1) Las Tazas, Tiacaque dam (2n = 48, FN = 58) with chromosome formula 6m + 4sm + 38t; 2); Villa Victoria dam (2n = 48, FN = 54) 2m + 2sm + 2st + 42t; 3) Tepuxtepec dam, with two cytotypes (2n = 48, FN = 50) 8m + 2sm + 38t and (4n = 96, FN = 116) 8m + 2st + 38t; 4) and San Pedro Lagunillas lagoon (2n = 48, FN = 58) 8m + 2sm + 38t. We observed chromosome variation in the morphology of pairs 1, 2, 4, and 5. Results allow us to suggest that pericentric inversions are the source of intraspecific chromosome variation. Comparative analyses support the hypothesis that the karyotype of the population from Villa Victoria dam represents the primitive form for the species.

Palabras clave

Karyotype; Shortfin silverside; polyploidy; variation.

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