Macrobenthic Fauna of the Meric River (Turkish Thrace): Composition of the community as related to water quality

Menekse Tas-Divrik, Timur Kirgiz

Resumen


Benthic macroinvertebrates are commonly used as indicators of the biological condition of waterbodies. Both the benthic macroinvertebrates and the physicochemical properties of the water provide important information about the pollution of a water environment. Goals: To investigate the relationships between assemblage composition of Oligochaeta (Annelida), Chironomidae (Diptera), and other macroinvertebrates with physical and chemical water variables in the Meric River, Turkey. Methods: This study was carried out by taking water and benthic samples at 8 stations at monthly intervals in order to determine what macrobenthic fauna exist in the Meric River and what environmental properties affect their distribution. Results: A total of 39 taxa were found and we determined that there is an average of 851 individuals per m2 . Also, this study established the first records for Brachiura sowerbyii (Oligochaeta) and Pottashia alternis (Chironomidae) in the Turkish Thrace region. According to Shannon-Wiener index, while it was determined that Meric River has the highest diversity values with H’ = 0.845 at the station 4, the river has the poorest diversity with H’= 0.477 at the station 2. Also, we examined similarities of distribution of Oligochaeta taxa by station and month using the Bray-Curtis index. Accordingly, while stations 6 and 8 were determined to be the most similar to each other, stations 2 and 5 were the least similar. The relationships between Oligochaeta taxa and physical and chemical parameters of water were evaluated using the Spearman Correlation index. As a result, we found that water temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, hydrogen sulfide, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, chlorine, salinity, dissolved oxygen and biological oxygen have positive correlations with some species of Oligochaeta, while nitrate and nitrite have negative correlations with some species of Oligochaeta. Conclusions: We made a number of suggestions for sustainable usage of this river.


Palabras clave


Chironomidae; Fauna; Macrobenthic; Meriç River; Oligochaeta

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Referencias


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ISSN 0188-8897


 HIDROBIOLOGICA. Vol.27 Año 2017, Número 3, septiembre-diciembre de 2017, es una publicación cuatrimestral editada por la Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, a través de la Unidad    Iztapalapa, División de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Departamento de Hidrobiología. Prolongación Canal de Miramontes 3855, colonia Ex Hacienda San Juan de Dios, delegación Tlalpan,  C.P. 14387, México, Ciudad de México y Av. San Rafael Atlixco, núm. 186, colonia Vicentina, delegación Iztapalapa, C.P. 09340, México, Ciudad de México, teléfono 5804-6475. Página  electrónica de la revista: https://hidrobiologica.izt.uam.mx y dirección electrónica: rehb@xanum.uam.mx. Editora Responsable María Esther Meave del Castillo. Certificado de Reserva de  Derechos al Uso Exclusivo de Título No. 04-2010-072711181500-203, ISSN para versión impresa e ISSN para revista electrónica son otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsable de la última actualización  de este número María Esther Meave del Castillo, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco, núm. 186, colonia Vicentina, delegación Iztapalapa, C.P.  09340, México, Ciudad de México. Fecha de última modificación: 28 de diciembre de 2017. Tamaño de archivo: 30 MB.Las opiniones expresadas por los autores no necesariamente reflejan la  postura del editor de la publicación.Queda estrictamente prohibida la reproducción total o parcial de los contenidos e imágenes de la publicación sin previa autorización de la Universidad  Autónoma Metropolitana. 

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