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escort istanbul animal porn Responses of aquatic macroinvertebrates to human pressure in a tropical highland volcanic basin: Birrís River, Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) | Marchamalo | HIDROBIOLÓGICA

Responses of aquatic macroinvertebrates to human pressure in a tropical highland volcanic basin: Birrís River, Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica)

Miguel Marchamalo, Monika Springer, Raúl Acosta, Beatriz González-Rodrigo, Danny Vásquez

Resumen


Background. Tropical mountain rivers are strategic sources of water for human development while biological communities are indicators of the status of these ecosystems. However, volcanic basins close to large urban areas are affected by increasing human pressures that threaten the future of these ecosystems and their benefits to society. Goals. This paper analyzes the evolution of the responses of the aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblages in the face of increasing pressures in the Birrís River basin, which is essential for providing food and energy for the Greater Metropolitan Area of Costa Rica. The hypothesis that volcanic headwater communities are highly vulnerable to human impacts was tested. Methods. Composition and structure of aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblages were assessed along main river channels over two years. Results. The spatial variability of assemblages was related to organic pollution and the self-purification capacity of the river. Temporal variability was mainly explained by the intra-annual climate variability (seasonality). Macroinvertebrate assemblages were dominated by Chironomidae (Diptera), Simuliidae (Diptera), and Baetidae (Ephemeroptera) throughout the year. High flows during the rainy season (May to December) reduced density while diversity peaked at the end of that season. Ephemeroptera and Trichoptera reached their maximum abundance during the dry season, while Diptera showed maximum richness at the end of the rainy season. Conclusions. Biological communities showed spatial and temporal adaptations to the main environmental stresses, including high levels of organic pollution. However, the high slope of river channels favors the self-purification processes, which offer an opportunity for the recovery of ecological integrity combined with control of the organic discharges. More information is needed on taxonomy and autoecology of aquatic fauna and flora in these fragile volcanic environments that are strategic for the protection of water resources in the tropics.


Palabras clave


benthos; resilience; self-purification; volcanic streams; water resources

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ISSN 0188-8897

 HIDROBIOLOGICA. Vol.27 Año 2017, Número 3, septiembre-diciembre de 2017, es una publicación cuatrimestral editada por la Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, a través de la Unidad    Iztapalapa, División de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Departamento de Hidrobiología. Prolongación Canal de Miramontes 3855, colonia Ex Hacienda San Juan de Dios, delegación Tlalpan,  C.P. 14387, México, Ciudad de México y Av. San Rafael Atlixco, núm. 186, colonia Vicentina, delegación Iztapalapa, C.P. 09340, México, Ciudad de México, teléfono 5804-6475. Página  electrónica de la revista: http://hidrobiologica.izt.uam.mx y dirección electrónica: rehb@xanum.uam.mx. Editora Responsable María Esther Meave del Castillo. Certificado de Reserva de  Derechos al Uso Exclusivo de Título No. 04-2010-072711181500-203, ISSN para version impresa e ISSN para revista electronica son otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsable de la última actualización  de este número María Esther Meave del Castillo, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco, núm. 186, colonia Vicentina, delegación Iztapalapa, C.P.  09340, México, Ciudad de México. Fecha de última modificación: 28 de diciembre de 2017. Tamaño de archivo: 30 MB.Las opiniones expresadas por los autores no necesariamente reflejan la  postura del editor de la publicación.Queda estrictamente prohibida la reproducción total o parcial de los contenidos e imágenes de la publicación sin previa autorización de la Universidad  Autónoma Metropolitana. 

ISSN para versión impresa 0188-8897 

ISSN para version electronica 2448-7333